Complete Guide To Lenses – Superzooms
Many people are drawn to the idea of a single lens that covers every need from 18mm wideangle to 200mm telephoto and beyond. Such an optic would avoid the need to ever change the lens, so you’d never miss that once-in-a-lifetime shot because you had the wrong one fitted, and of course you’d never get dust on your sensor.
If you suspect there must be a catch then you’re right; there are trade-offs with such lenses. In general, the longer the range, the more the optical quality tends to suffer, with lower contrast, poorer edge sharpness and greater distortion. Superzooms are jacks of all trades but masters of none, and will be outperformed by prime lenses, and many zooms with a shorter range.
The maximum apertures are pretty small too (as low as f/6.3 at the tele end) so you may have to raise the ISO more often to shoot handheld.
However, depending on what you photograph and the level of quality that you demand, you may find these to be sacrifices worth making.
The fact is that at smaller print sizes the average user is unlikely to spot many of these optical deficiencies, so they are fine for users who want reasonably good pictures that won’t be printed too big or studied with a magnifying glass.
If it sounds like a superzoom lens might meet your needs, here are a selection of lenses in a range of mounts that are some of the best going…
This third-party superzoom offers a bit more telephoto reach at an attractive price compared to first-party equivalents.
Internally the lens also benefits from Vibration Compensation technology to help keep images sharp at slower shutter speeds. The built-in AF drive isn’t the fastest, but is reliable enough.
In terms of image quality lab tests revealed that overall sharpness is reduced at upper telephoto settings, while chromatic aberrations also become more apparent.
Lens Mount – Nikon, Canon, Pentax, Sony
Construction – 16 elements, 13 groups
Filter Thread – 62mm
Weight – 450g
Sigma 18-250mm f/3.5-6.3 DC OS HSM
The Sigma 18-250mm is an affordable superzoom that offers a little bit more telephoto reach over the 18-200mm lenses typically offered by many first-party manufacturers.
The lens features built-in optical image stabilisation that works quietly and effectively to keep images sharp, while image sharpness impresses too. In lab tests MTF curves remain above the critical 0.25 cycles-per-second all the way down to f/16.
Chromatic aberrations, meanwhile, are minor and unobtrusive.
Lens Mount – Nikon, Canon, Pentax Sony
Construction – 18 elements, 14 groups
Filter Thread – 72mm
Weight – 630g
Designed specifically for Canon APS-C DSLRs this is a popular choice for those looking to make their first upgrade from a standard 18-55mm kit lens.
Solidly built and reassuringly weighty, the zoom offers the 35mm focal length equivalent of 28-320mm and further benefits from Canon’s proprietary Image Stabilisation technology.
Image sharpness is excellent at wideangle and intermediate zoom settings, but does tail off the closer you get to 200mm.
Lens Mount – Canon EF-S
Construction – 16 elements, 12 groups
Filter Thread – 72mm
Weight – 595g
A relatively new addition, this 28-300mm superzoom is designed for full-frame Nikon DSLRS but can also be mounted on APS-C models too, where it will offer the 35mm focal range equivalent of 42-450mm.
The lens features the second generation of Nikon’s Vibration Reduction technology along with Silent Wave Motor technology for quiet focusing. Image quality is very good on the whole, especially when the lens is used at settings of around 50-150mm.
Impressively, our technical test revealed no signs of colour fringing either.
Lens Mount – Nikon F
Construction – 19 elements, 14 groups
Filter Thread – 77mm
Weight – 800g