If you want to get really close to smaller subject, as well as deliver 1:1 magnification, it's worth investing in a specialist macro lens. Here's a selection of some of the very best macro lenses available
Nikon AF-S 85mm f/3.5G ED VR DX Micro
Street Price: £380
With a 1:1 reproduction ratio this compact, lightweight lens gives you the option to shoot life-size close-ups of fine textures and details.
The inclusion of Nikon’s second-generation Vibration Reduction (VR II) system enables you to shoot pin-sharp images handheld, while its internal focusing system and Silent Wave Motor combine to offer a rapid AF performance.
Best Macro Lens for: Use with Nikon DX-format DSLRs
Tamron SP 90mm f/2.8 Di USD VC
Street Price: £370
Suitable for use on either APS-C or full frame DSLRs, this macro lens features two XLD (Extra Low Dispersion) glasses and one LD (Low Dispersion) element to ensure chromatic aberrations are kept to a minimum.
With Vibration Reduction and a large focus ring to aid minor focusing adjustments, it makes a great third-party choice for close-up photography.
Best Macro Lens for: Multiple mount availability, including Canon, Sony and Nikon
Sigma 105mm f/2.8 Macro EX DG OS HSM
Street price: £380
This lens incorporates Sigma’s Hyper Sonic Motor and Optical Stabilizer to deliver fast autofocus performance and compensation for handshake.
The nine-bladed aperture renders out-of-focus backgrounds beautifully when set to maximum aperture and it’s compatible with Sigma’s APO teleconverters to allow a greater working distance at 1:1 magnification.
Best Macro Lens for: An impressive OS system, effective to 4 stops
Leica DG 45mm f/2.8 MEGA O.I.S.
Street Price: £470
This lens will appeal to Panasonic and Olympus Micro Four Thirds users. Not only is it light and compact, it allows you to focus as closely as 15cm and features multi-coated lens elements to reduce the effects of ghosting and flare. It doubles up as a fantastic portrait lens and is equivalent to 90mm in film terms when the 2x crop factor is considered.
Best Macro Lens for: Micro Four Thirds CSCs