Nikon 1 AW1 Review – The Nikon 1 AW1 is a rugged compact that merits a rugged test. With a storm approaching, what better way to test Nikon’s latest 1-series camera than heading out into the North Sea with the RNLI?

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Product Overview

Overall rating:


Nikon 1 AW1

Overall score:85%
Image Quality:85%


  • Incredibly strong; Fast burst rate; Superb image quality for a waterproof camera


  • Slippery body; No PASM mode dial; Limited waterproof lens range; Lack of hotshoe


Nikon 1 AW1 Review


Price as reviewed:


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Nikon 1 AW1 Review

Nikon 1 AW1 Review –  front view

If there’s one thing I strive for as a photographer, it’s getting a great shot whatever the weather. As I set my car wipers to high speed to shift the monsoon rain off my windscreen, I realise today’s weather isn’t the finest for photography, let alone testing a new camera. To my disbelief the rain turns to sunshine as I arrive at the location for today’s shoot – the RNLI lifeboat station in Cromer.

On my arrival, one of the first questions I get asked by a volunteer crew member on today’s practice mission is: how waterproof is the camera you’re going to be testing? As I begin to explain that the camera in question is the Nikon 1 AW1 – the world’s first fully waterproof and shockproof system camera – I glance down the long slipway and look out to the horizon where the waves and conditions are said to be worsening further out to sea.

As I think about the brutal conditions the AW1 could be exposed to on this shoot, getting it soaked in salt water is about as good a test as any for a camera that’s claimed to be waterproof down to 15m (49ft) and able to withstand the inevitable rough and tumble that comes with shooting off limits.

After explaining the concept of the AW1 to the enthusiastic crew and the way it incorporates a 14.2MP CX-format sensor that’s larger than the 1/2.3in type typically found within most waterproof compact cameras, they’re quick on the uptake that the AW1 is all about capturing better image quality in demanding shooting environments. As I attach the neck strap to ensure the gloss white body doesn’t slip from my grasp, a member of the inshore lifeboat crew suggests taking the AW1 out to capture shots of us launching the slipway lifeboat. I oblige, handing him the camera, not knowing what he was about to do.


Nikon 1 AW1 Review – sample image 1


Ready to Launch

Ten minutes later and launch complete, the inshore lifeboat pulls alongside. The AW1 gets passed back dripping with seawater and droplets covering the front element of the lens.

An inspection of the images on the crisp 3in, 921k-dot screen revealed the crew member took me at my word about it being waterproof. He’d shot some superb images from the surface of the water, and as it passed the initial inshore test, I now had to put it through its paces out on the North Sea.

As we head out to the point where the crew would practise their rescue exercises, I get the chance to refine the AW1’s settings. Regrettably, there’s no P,A,S,M mode dial, which is in keeping with the Nikon 1 system, but presumably excluded to prevent sand and moisture creeping into the internals. What there is however, is what Nikon calls Action Control, which allows me to tilt the camera to choose my shooting mode, provided that the Action Control button is depressed.

The main menu system has a similar layout and two-tone grey appearance to other Nikon 1-series cameras, but what I really need is a quick menu to access frequently used settings on the fly. After selecting Creative Shooting mode, I toggle through to Aperture-priority auto mode, but then I realise there’s no indication on the body as to which buttons are used to manually change the aperture value.

Seconds later and I discover the playback zoom buttons are assigned to this task. With no option of changing the ISO other than via the convoluted route of going into the processing menu, this could lead to missing a shot, so I opt for ISO 400 – as good a starting point as any.


Nikon 1 AW1 Review –  sample image 2

Stormy seas

Just as I get my sea legs, disaster strikes. A huge wave tips the boat, and me off balance, colliding the AW1’s 11-27.5mm kit lens with a solid support beam inside the cabin. ‘Any damage?’ a crew member asks. I point out that the lens is designed to be as shockproof as the body and is able to withstand heavy impacts, as well as drops, from a height of 2m. ‘Just as well,’ he replies.

Within seconds of stepping outside I find myself pulling my lens cloth from my pocket to wipe off the mist of seawater sprayed across the lens.

As I begin to take my first shots  I find myself wanting to raise the AW1 to my eye, but with no viewfinder and no option to attach an EVF with its lack of a hotshoe, I’m reliant on the screen for compositional purposes.  While positioning the AF point off-centre, I discover the focus point can be set to the far edges of the frame and thanks to the Hybrid AF system, the lock-on speed is snappy – good news because the crew are quickly manoeuvering into position.

I shuffle down the side of the boat and it strikes me just how much of the scene I’m able to fit in the frame. The kit lens is equivalent to 16.5-41mm in film terms – wide enough for what I need, but for those who’d like a faster and wider alternative, Nikon has also produced a 10mm f/2.8 lens that’s also fully water and shock resistant.


Nikon 1 AW1 Review – sample image 3

Fogging lens

Just as I go to shoot a few more frames, I notice the lens is showing signs of fogging, so I retreat to the cabin and inspect the O-ring between the lens and the body. It’s as dry as a bone, leading me to think it could be the sudden change in humidity that’s causing the issue. Leaving the AW1 in the dry confines of my bag for ten minutes resolves the problem – just in time to capture a series of dramatic waves crashing over the crew outside.

To record the action I put the AW1’s rapid burst rate to good use, setting it to 15fps rather than 30fps or 60fps to ensure I don’t risk overloading my SD card with redundant shots and can continue shooting in continuous AF.  I rattle out 22 frames at 15fps, giving myself a few seconds between bursts for the buffer to recover.


Nikon 1 AW1 Review – sample image 4

Rugged body

As the conditions worsen, the waves become higher, but thankfully the AW1 continues to repel the water. The combination of my 1/3200sec shutter speed, rapid burst rate and the AW1’s rugged design are allowing me to capture some amazing images in brutal conditions where non-waterproof cameras would have drowned. It’s safe to say the AW1 has passed the waterproof test, albeit with some fogging issues early on that thankfully haven’t reoccurred since.

As the crew wrap up their exercise,  I take the opportunity to review my shots on the screen using the AW1’s Action Control. By tilting the camera to the left I quickly scroll through the shots to pick out my favourites to show the crew. As we head back to shore, I realise I’m in awe of the AW1 and what it has survived. Few cameras would have put up with what the AW1 was subjected to in this test, unless of course, an expensive waterproof housing was used. To sum up, it’s the most rugged system camera we’ve used, and boy did it need to be!

Nikon 1 AW1 Review – Design

Nikon 1 AW1 Review –  angled

Available in black, white or silver, the Nikon 1 AW1 shares many similarities with its 1-series cousin, the Nikon 1 J3. Using the same 14.2MP CX-format sensor, the AW1 has an identical 160-6400 ISO range as well as other features that include 15fps continuous focusing with autofocus, an advanced Hybrid AF system, Best Moment capture, Motion Snapshot and a 3in, 921k-dot LCD screen.

Nikon 1 AW1 Review – rear angled

As one would expect, the build is far more robust than the Nikon 1 J3 and survived our drop test onto a solid floor from waist height with barely a scratch. It does lack a rubberised grip – something that’s improved with the CF-N6000 silicone jacket (£25) and AH-N6000 hand strap (£15).

Nikon 1 AW1 Review – hand held

While both of these accessories can transform the handling of the camera for the better, we’d rather see them built into the AW1’s design than being available as optional extras.

Nikon 1 AW1 Review – Image Quality

Nikon 1 AW1 Review – image

Colour and White Balance

As one might expect, the Auto White Balance setting produces perfect images in bright daylight, but we found that it tends towards the cooler end of the temperature range in low light.


The AW1’s metering is accurate, however with a chip that’s smaller than an APS-C sensor, the dynamic range sadly isn’t as impressive. This results in some detail being lost in the brightest highlights and darkest shadows in extremely bright conditions, but users do have the options to refine their exposure using the AW1’s exposure compensation that’s effective to +/-3EV.


With the same sensor and image processor as found within the Nikon 1 J3, it’s little suprise the resolution results are virtually identical. The 14.2MP sensor managed to resolve a maximum of 24 lpmm (lines per mm) on our test chart at ISO 160, decreasing to a more conservative 18 lpmm at the maximum ISO 6400 setting.

Image Noise

Noise is an area where Nikon’s 1-series system cameras have struggled to impress, and regrettably the AW1 is no different. While luminance noise isn’t a concern between ISO 160 and 400 it’s much more visible at ISO 800 and above, with traces of colour noise starting to appear at ISO 3200 and 6400.

Nikon 1 AW1 Review – Verdict

Nikon 1 AW1 Review – front view

Although the AW1 is built like a tank and survived our brutal test at sea, it’s not entirely faultless. The lack of manual controls on the body means you’ll constantly have to fight your way through the menu if you like to be in charge of frequently used settings, and in that respect it’s just like other Nikon 1 system CSCs – great for the point and shoot snapper who wants no fuss, but not as good for the more advanced photographer who likes to get creative.

As a system camera, it’s currently in a niche of its own. With no other fully waterproof or shockproof CSC like it, it suggests the AW1 could be the first in a new line of similar rugged CSCs from other manufacturers.

Though the build will shake off the worst knocks and drops, we’d like to see the design improved with a rubberised grip and a fully waterproof fisheye lens added to the NIKKOR 1 range, which we see as a must for underwater photography.

Nikon 1 AW1 Review – First Look

Nikon has entered new territory by announcing the world’s first fully waterproof and shockproof interchangeable lens camera – the Nikon 1 AW1. Positioned beside the Nikon 1 S1, Nikon 1 J3 and Nikon 1 V2 in the company’s expanding 1-series lineup, the AW1 has been designed to be waterproof to depths of 15m, shockproof from heights of 2m and freezeproof to temperatures as low as -10°C.

// What Digital Camera’s Reviews Editor Michael Topham speaks to Thuan Bui, Product Manager for Nikon 1 products at Nikon UK, about the Nikon 1 AW1.
Adopting the 14.2MP CX-format CMOS sensor from previous Nikon 1-series models, the AW1 provides an ISO range up to ISO 6400 and meets the demands of photographers who’d like to shoot at exceptionally high speeds by featuring Nikon’s EXPEED 3A image processor, which allows the camera to shoot continuously at up to 60fps, or 15fps in AF continuous mode.

With inspiration clearly taken from Nikon’s fully weather sealed AW100 and AW110 compact cameras, rubber sealing at critical points on the camera – including a rubber O-ring around the lens mount – are designed to keep water and moisture at bay and away from the cameras internals. What’s more, a dual altimeter/depth gauge offers users a clue as to how deep they are below the surface of the water to ensure the maximum permitted depth (15m) is not exceeded.

Other features include GPS, full access to PSAM shooting modes and a selection of underwater settings that are designed to help produce faithful colours depending on the visibility below the surface of the water. 

Although the Nikon 1 AW1 doesn’t feature built-in Wi-fi connectivity it has been made compatible with Nikon’s WU-1 wireless mobile adapter, while it also carries across Best Moment Capture – an innovative solution to shooting images at the perfect moment by capturing up to 20 continuous shots and displaying them in slow motion on the LCD screen, or shoot up to 20 high-resolution images before recommending five of the best.

In addition to the body, Nikon has launched two new NIKKOR all weather (AW) lenses for the AW1. The NIKKOR AW 11-27.5mm f/3.5-5.6 zoom lens will be sold with the Nikon 1 AW1 in kit form. There’s also the new 1 NIKKOR AW 10mm f/2.8 wide-angle lens and the option of attaching other NIKKOR 1 system lenses, though it must be stressed any NIKKOR 1 lens that isn’t the all-weather type isn’t waterproof.

The Nikon 1 AW1 will go onsale from the 10th October at a price of £749.99 with the NIKKOR AW 11-27.5mm f/3.5-5.6 zoom lens. A twin kit with both the 1 NIKKOR AW 11-27.5mm f/3.5-5.6 and 1 NIKKOR AW 10mm f/2.8 will also be available for £949.99, and the 1 NIKKOR AW 10mm f/2.8 lens will be available to buy separately for £299.99.


White Balance:Auto; 7 preset; Manual
ISO:100 - 6400
Built-in Flash:Yes
Memory Card:SD, SDHC, SDXC
Exposure Comp:+/- 3EV in 1/3 EV increments
Compression:Fine, Normal, Basic
Viewfinder Type:N/a
Cable Release:No
Output Size:4608 x 3072
LCD:3in, 921k-dot TFT LCD
Field of View:Approx 100%
Colour Temp Control:Yes
Video:1920 x 1080 @ 60i / 30p
AF Points:135
White Balance Bracket:No
Lens Mount:Nikon CX
Focal Length Mag:2.7x
Max Flash Sync:1/60 sec
Sensor:1in, 14.2MP CMOS Nikon CX sensor
DoF Prview:No
Dust Reduction:Yes
Other:Waterproof; Shockproof; Freezeproof
Built-in Image Stabilisation:No
Movie Mode:H.264/MPEG-4
Metering System:TTL sensor-based metering; Multi, Center-weighted; Spot
Exposure Modes:PASM; Scene; Auto
Live Mode:Yes
Connectivity:Hi-speed USB; miniHDMI
Weight:Approx 356g
Power:Rechargeable Li-ion EN-EL20
File Format:JPEG, NEF (Raw), JPEG + NEF
Shutter Speeds:1/16000 - 30 sec; Bulb
Focusing Modes:Contrast detect; Phase detect; Hybrid AF; Multi; Single; Spot
Dimensions:114 x 72 x 37mm
Drive Mode:Up to 15fps continuous AF; up to 60fps single AF
Colour Space:RGB
  1. 1. Nikon 1 AW1 Review
  2. 2. Nikon 1 AW1 Review - Design
  3. 3. Nikon 1 AW1 Review – Image Quality
  4. 4. Nikon 1 AW1 Review - Verdict
  5. 5. Nikon 1 AW1 Review – First Look
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